Assignment 3: Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property
Due Week 10 and worth 300 points
Review the PharmaCARE/CompCARE scenario in Assignment 2 to complete this assignment.
Write a ten to twelve (10-12) page paper in which you:
- Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety.
- Argue for or against Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) marketing by drug companies.
- Determine who regulates compounding pharmacies under the current regulatory scheme, what the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) could / should have done in this scenario, and whether the FDA should be granted more power over compounding pharmacies.
- Decide whether PharmaCAREâ€™s use of Colberian intellectual property would be ethical in accordance with:
- Virtue ethics
- Ethics of care
- Your own moral / ethical compass
- Analyze the way PharmaCARE uses U.S. law to protect its own intellectual property while co-opting intellectual property in Colberia.
- Suggest at least three (3) ways the company could compensate the people and nation of Colberia for the use of its intellectual property and the damage to its environment.
- Compare PharmaCAREâ€™s actions with those of at least one (1) real-world company whose creativity in skirting legal technicalities led to ethical lapses and financial loss.
- Determine the success PharmaCARE and WellCo shareholders would have in suits against the companies.
- Determine whether or not PharmaCARE lives up to its brand. Support the response.
- Recommend at least three (3) changes PharmaCARE can make to be more ethical going forward.
- Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference and proprietary Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements
- Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
- Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the studentâ€™s name, the professorâ€™s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
- Analyze and assess legal and ethical restraints on marketing and advertising, relative to both consumers and organizations.
- Analyze and evaluate laws and regulations relative to product safety and liability.
- Explore copyright laws and intellectual property rights and assess how well they balance competing interests.
- Use technology and information resources to research issues in law, ethics, and corporate governance.
- Write clearly and concisely about law, ethics, and corporate governance using proper writing mechanics.
Click here to view the grading rubric.
PharmaCARE (We CARE about YOUR healthÂ®) is one of the worldâ€™s most successful pharmaceutical companies, enjoying a reputation as a caring, ethical and well-run company that produced high-quality products that saved millions of lives and enhanced the quality of life for millions of others. The company offers free and discounted drugs to low-income consumers, has a foundation that sponsors healthcare educational programs and scholarships, and its CEO serves on the PhRMA board. PharmaCARE recently launched a new initiative, We CARE about YOUR worldÂ®, pledging its commitment to the environment through recycling, packaging changes and other green initiatives, despite the fact that the companyâ€™s lobbying efforts and PAC have successfully defeated environmental laws and regulations, including extension of the Superfund tax, which was created by Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA).
Based in New Jersey, PharmaCARE maintains a large manufacturing facility in the African nation of Colberia, where the company has found several â€œhealersâ€ eager to freely share information about indigenous cures and an abundance of Colberians willing to work for $1.00 a day, harvesting plants by walking five (5) miles into and out of the jungle carrying baskets that, when full, weigh up to fifty (50) pounds. Due to the low standard of living in Colberia, much of the population lives in primitive huts with no electricity or running water. PharmaCAREâ€™s executives, however, live in a luxury compound, complete with a swimming pool, tennis courts, and a golf course. PharmaCAREâ€™s extensive activities in Colberia have destroyed habitat and endangered native species.
Two (2) years ago, after PharmaCAREâ€™s research indicated that one of its top-selling diabetes drugs might slow the progression of Alzheimerâ€™s disease, its pharmacists began reformulating that drug to maximize the effect. In order to avoid FDA scrutiny, PharmaCARE established a wholly-owned subsidiary, CompCARE, to operate as a compounding pharmacy to sell the new formulation to individuals on a prescription basis. CompCARE set up shop in a suburban office park near its parentâ€™s headquarters, and to conserve money and time, did a quick, low-cost renovation and designated Allen Jones to run the operationâ€™s â€œclean room.â€
CompCARE benefited from PharmaCAREâ€™s reputation, databases, networks, and sales and marketing expertise, and within six (6) months had the medical community buzzing about AD23. Demand soared, particularly among Medicare, Medicaid, and VA patients. Seeing the opportunity to realize even more profit, CompCARE began advertising its services and the availability of AD23 to consumers and marketing the drug directly to hospitals, clinics, and physician offices, even though compounding pharmacies are not supposed to sell drugs in bulk for general use. To get around this technicality, CompCARE encouraged doctors to fax in lists of bogus patient names.
As production increased and hours were extended, one of Allenâ€™s techs pointed out what appeared to be mold around the air vents. Allen immediately contacted the facilitiesâ€™ supervisor, who came over to inspect the lab. As time went on, workers began coughing, sneezing, and getting headaches at work, and one employee, Donna, who had a perfect attendance record, got so sick she could no longer come to work due to chronic bronchial problems. Eventually, she filed for workerâ€™s compensation. Allenâ€™s best supervisor, Tom, threatened to complain to OSHA about the air quality in the lab, and one of the techs, Ayesha, filed an EEOC complaint alleging she had not been promoted to supervisor because she was a Muslim; in fact, although Ayesha was a very good worker, Allen did not believe she had the management or people skills necessary to be a good supervisor. Allen discussed these issues with his boss, the Director of Operations, who told Allen that if he wants to keep his job and receive his promised bonus, he needs to fire Donna, Tom, and Ayesha, and keep his own mouth shut about the mold and the bogus prescriptions.
As CompCARE and its parent company enjoyed record profits and PharmaCAREâ€™s stock price approached $300 per share, reports started filtering in that people who received AD23 seemed to be suffering heart attacks at an alarming rate. The company ignored this data and continued filling large orders and paid huge bonuses to all the executives and managers, including Allen, who, after being named â€œEmployee of the Year,â€ was beginning to miss production schedules due not only to his staffâ€™s increasing use of sick leave, but also his own health issues.
PharmaCARE sold CompCARE to WellCo, a large drugstore chain, just weeks before AD23 was publicly linked to over 200 cardiac deaths. Both PharmaCARE and WellCo saw their stock price plummet.